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Transcription of the Durban Conference Works is now available
The presentations and debates resulting from the 14th World Conference Cities and Ports and relating to the topic of Smart City Port have been transcribed into English.- minutes_5nov2014-2.pdf
The port city of tomorrow will be smart
During the 14th World Conference of the AIVP, the port cities are meeting the challenge of sustainable development. They change into Seatropolis and create projects that engage the citizens and encourage the development of an urban dynamic integrated port industry.
The coexistence between the port and urban areas of a city is an important contemporary subject. It involves town planning combined with social and environmental challenges that can be summarised in the need to create port cities that enjoy a flourishing economy whilst being “smart”, namely by intelligently organising the coexistence of urban areas with the industrial areas of the port. In other words port cities must drive social wellbeing without focussing solely on profit whilst maintaining a liveable setting ; a task that is increasingly complex in today’s global economy that is experiencing profound changes.
This theme was at the centre of the World Conference Cities and Ports of the AIVP, the worldwide Network of Port Cities. The conference is held every two years, in a developing port city and offers architects, port operators, economists, professors, private companies and institutions the chance to present their plans and ideas to improve port business and life in port cities and, maybe, even satisfy both these needs. This year the 14th AIVP World Conference Cities and Ports was held in the South African port city of Durban, from 3rd to 6th November. Since 1988 the conference has been hosted by Le Havre, Barcelona, Montreal, Buenos Aires, Stockholm, Dakar, Dalian, Sidney, Lisbon, Genoa, Montevideo, Marseilles, Nantes and Saint-Nazaire.
Recently ports like Riga and Rotterdam in Europe, Vancouver and San Diego in North America, Durban and Douala in Africa, Shenzhen and Hong Kong in China, to mention just a few of the ports who have come to the event in South Africa, have seen rapid growth, creating quite a few logistical challenges in the organisation of spaces and overland transportation of goods arriving from sea and rivers.
The plans presented vary from port city to port city but are essentially of two types : those which keep the city and port separate and those aiming for a sort of port city continuity. The first is characterised by an “industrial” approach focussing on business and the interests of port operators, assuming that the needs of citizens must bend to those of the companies working in the port. The second approach starts with the needs of the city, albeit in a “systemic” way : the port city must be liveable whilst maintaining its port industry competitive. This means satisfying the logistics requirements of the port as well as the social needs of citizens ; if one is to achieve the enhancement of both.
The systemic answer to the management of a port city is the “smart port city”. What does this mean ? “A smart port city is a recent concept in town planning developed for post-industrial port cities that combines the latest technology in an urban and environmental context, thereby creating a port city that is increasingly liveable and at the same time flourishes economically”, explains Carlos Moreno, the scientific consultant for Cofely Ineo - Gdf Suez, one of France’s largest energy companies To illustrate the situation, he continous : “Large cities have an average of 10 million inhabitants. In 2050 Tokyo will reach the figure of 37million. City life is delicate in such a setting. A smart city, and in the case of a port city, a smart port city must first create a liveable city before one that is economically wealthy”.
According to recent data from the networking company Cisco, the demand for energy will rise by 30% by 2030. According to Barbara Fluegge, Director of business services at Swiss company SAP, there will be 5 billion middle-classed people within the next 50 years, while half of the world’s population will have difficulty obtaining water. In this new world, Markus Wissmann, Manager at Cisco Systems believes that Big Data, large data sets, will help manage port logistics. He explains that, “Big Data doubles every two years and in ten years we will have 8 billion devices connected. We are not just talking about mobile phones but also refrigerators, rubbish bins and so on. It is the internet not just of things but of everything. Big Data will lead to the creation of a single computer infrastructure connecting hospitals, various bodies and, of course, ports. According to Wissmann, port cities will become “seatropolis”, like Hamburg in North Europe, a virtuous example of port logistics and social wellbeing. A seatropolis will focus its activities on the sea but with the port activities and digitalization being essential infrastructures for society.
During the 3-day Durban conference many projects were presented to make port cities more liveable and it would be difficult to make a complete list however, here are a few examples ; Helsinki in Finland has been working on a large-scale project of residential expansion to the east of the city for years. This is an example of a city “reconquering” the port areas with houses being built in areas that once accommodated a container terminal. Transnet National Ports Authority, which manages the eight ports of South Africa’s coastal network (Richards Bay, Durban, East London, Ngqura, Port Elizabeth, Mossel Bay, Cape Town and Saldanha), has taken its inspiration from Tokyo’s taxis and the computerisation of Hamburg to manage the port cities under its jurisdiction. Antwerp, in Belgium has developed an app that gets citizens to learn about the activities carried out in its enormous port (covering 13,000 hectares) with a multiple-choice quiz. Rotterdam has presented 4FOLD, the first foldable container set to diminish the “transportation of air”, the phenomenon of empty containers ; these total 60% of containers travelling around the world. The Ghent-Brussels waterways complex wants to recycle nearly all their port waste. Durban wants to renew the 600km road link to Johannesburg and try to separate city traffic from heavy goods vehicles in an attempt to lessen congestion. Rotterdam wants to provide energy to a residential district by reusing the emissions from heavy industry.
There is no shortage of projects looking forward to the next twenty or thirty years. Port Elizabeth is trying to relaunch the fishing industry, brought to its knees by piracy and the paucity of resources, by setting up a local market for 2030 that incorporates the entire supply chain ; from trawlers to final processing of the product.
Mauritius’s ports have ten waterfront projects that will keep them busy for the next decade. The American port of San Diego has set itself the objective of a 10% reduction of port emissions by 2020 and nearly 50% by 2060 ; it hopes to achieve this through cold ironing, using solar energy and wind turbines.
But how can a port and a city work and live together when they are “squeezed” into a small space ? The Italian port of Genoa and Latvia’s capital, Riga, have different solutions in mind. Genoa has a population of 595,000 people living in an area of 243km2 very close to the port, with a high concentration of buildings and an important risk of inundations. Whilst offering scenic views there is a serious risk of flooding. This led to the setting up of the Genoa Smart City Association (GSCA) in 2010 to develop an environmentally-friendly port energy plan that is betting on wind turbines, dams, solar panels and especially cold ironing. Riga, instead is a river port that must respect a historic city centre that forces citizens into close contact with port operators ; this is not always an easy coexistence. So the city council came up with a simple but effective idea, seeking the input of the city’s inhabitants. They have spoken to 58 city districts to find out what is working and what isn’t. The feedback has been successful and has led to a shared vision on which to build healthy coexistence even if it does not bring about a revolution.
The theme for this 14th AIVP World Conference Cities and Ports has been the smart port city. Nicolas Mat, researcher at the Ecole Des Mines d’Alès explains “From an environmental point of view there is a revolution associated with energy that involves people’s habits and this is one of the hardest things to bring about”. As Jan Schreuder, chief energy officer at the Dutch Muncipality of Zaanstad, explains “If we look at the different ways of producing energy we notice the extremely polluting traditional ones that are stable since they have no particular distribution or black out problems, compared to renewable energy that is, instead, highly unstable, just think of solar power and wind turbines whose output falls drastically when there is no light or wind. How can we overcome this obstacle that makes it impossible for an industrial society, which is dependent on coal and petroleum, to make the transition to a post-industrial world that can do without ?” Schreuder asks before proceeding to answer the question himself, “The key lies in consumer flexibility. If consumers are involved in the production of energy I can guarantee that their flexibility will provide greater stability to the supply of renewable energies”.
The future of the smart port city is an environmental and social challenge rather than an economic one. “We must remember that industrial ecology will be incredibly complex” concludes the French researcher Nicolas Mat, adding “a smart port city is one that engages in the energy transition by incorporating the habits of people, one of the most difficult things to do. A port of the future will have high performance only in terms of whether it can arrange for the best possible management of resources”.
Paolo Bosso, journaliste et rédacteur, Informazioni Marittime, Napoli
Article translated from the Italian.
Smart port city, a post-carbon ecosystem
Plenary Session 5 : Smart Port, Smart City, how to match performance to challenge ?
Today, 6 November sees the close of the 14th AIVP World Conference Cities and Ports in Durban. A morning session packed with content, emphasising that three days are not enough to fully cover the status of port cities.
Hong Kong, Barcelona and Vancouver presented the work they were doing. James Wang, Professor of Geography at the University of Hong Kong discussed how the Chinese port was stronger when it placed operators at the centre of the logistics chain, instead of ignoring them in the decision-making processes as was usually the case. Catalina Grimalt, IT Manager of the Port Authority in Barcelona, the fourth largest port for cruise ships in the world, outlined how the port had become “smart” through digitalisation. James Crandles, Development Director at the port of Vancouver expressed the hope that by 2050, the Canadian port would have made a radical energy transition.
Jorge Martin Jimenez, from the Quality and Innovation Department at the Port Authority for the Balearic Islands wanted to create a platform for the smart port city to dialogue on the web. He has put together a tourist itinerary centred on the coastal lighthouses, with a corresponding dedicated application. Jan Schreuder, Project Manager for the port of Zaanstad in The Netherlands presented an e-harbour where the consumer is asked to become the energy producer to overcome the energy instability caused by renewable sources.
What makes a port city “smart” ? Is it possible to provide a clear and accurate definition for this ? The consensus reached at the end of the event was that a port city is “smart” when it can move over to the post-industrial management of energy, without depending on coal, in a context where education, business and town planning intelligence all become a single ecosystem. “We need an energy transition that involves people’s habits” explained Nicolas Mat, a researcher at the Ecole des Mines d’Ales. He gave the example of the port of Marseilles, saying that “this was one of the most difficult things to do”. According to Mat, “the performance of ports in the future must only be based on the best possible management of resources”.
Healthy co-existence in port cities, the example of Riga and Genoa
Workshop 3 and 4, some examples
How do the port and city live side by side when they are "compressed" into a limited space ? Discussion revolved around this issue during the afternoon session of the second day of the 14th AIVP World Conference Cities and Ports in Durban, which examined two port cities : the Latvian port of Riga and Italian port of Genoa.
The Freeport of Riga is the largest port in Latvia. 6% of the country’s GDP relies on port activity Further on the Freeport of Riga takes up 11% of the city’s total area.
The port is on a river that winds its way to the city with the nearby historic centre, creating a difficult co-existence between inhabitants and port operators.
Last year the Municipality of Riga started its work towards a new master plan for the city which would consist of 10 thematic plans, each focusing on at would be specific topic such as transport, housing, green spaces etc. Ljeta Putane, Deputy Head of Urban Economic Division at the Riga City Council explained that during the early stages of public consultation the citizens pointed out that we need to have a separate thematic plan for the Freeport of Riga.
In order to ensure a wide stakeholder engagement, the municipality made sure to involve experts, NGOs, businesses, citizens and institutions in all stages of the port planning process.
The the neighbourhoods were consulted as part of the whole consultation process for the master plan of Riga, not only for the thematic plan for the Freeport of Riga.
The initiative was successful and made it possible to formulate an overall vision, which while perhaps not forming the basis for an urban revolution, at the least made for a healthy co-existence.
Genoa experienced similar problems to Riga. 595,000 people live in 243 square kilometres adjacent to the port. Densely arranged buildings, criss-crossed by waterways may well create a scenic panorama, but raise serious safety issues. The port is one of the busiest in Italy : covering 15 km with energy consumption of over 30 million kWh/year. “This was why we established the Genoa Smart City Association (GSCA) in 2010, which put together a port environmental energy plan focusing on wind, dam, solar and especially cold ironing” explained Francesco Oddone, Deputy Major for Economic Development for the city. “It is often thought that a smart city translates into a series of technological gadgets – continued Oddone - but in actual fact, it is first and foremost, a study on the economic impact on people’s lives”. The GSCA has one hundred members including associations, companies, research institues and civil society. It has entered into a number of MoU’s and secured EU funding for millions of Euro, working in conjunction with the ports of Copenhagen, Hamburg, Vienna and Lyons to create a network, which as in the case of Riga, focuses on its citizens to resolve the problems of co-existence and safety in the city.
Smart port cities imply major environmental projects and revitalising smaller ports
Plenary Session 4 : Smart Port, Smart City : how to match performance to challenge ?
Smart port cities imply fifty-year environmental projects but also revitalising smaller ports. These were the two themes covered in the morning session on 5 November at the 14th AIVP World Conference Cities and Ports in Durban.
Olaf Merk, the Administrator of the International Transport Forum discussed the false dynamism of a port city that is “fractured” by the lack of communication between the port and city. Singapore, Rotterdam, Hamburg and Venice provide good example of prosperity and density becoming integrated in a social interface.
Bob Nelson, Chairman of the Port of San Diego (USA) presented an ambitious programme that commits to reducing emissions by 10% by 2020, and almost by half within 2060, based on cold ironing, solar and wind energy. The key is creating a community, namely an energy supply round table with companies like Dell and Intel to investigate possible solutions over the next fifty year from now.
Wouter Jacobs from the Erasmus University in Rotterdam outlined a project that would supply residential areas from the recycling of emissions from heavy industries. The port envisages utilising bio-fuels, LNG, the wind and sun. Once again the community plays a key role : the Rotterdam Maritime Business Services Community numbers 35 members, including banks, insurance companies and law firms to plan investments.
The final speaker for the morning, Jacques Ritt, CEO of Soget, explained what the French Company had achieved with the customs agency in the West African country of Benin. Thanks to the single window application (computerising customs), Benin can now handle one container in 10 days, instead of 41. This has resulted in a 21% increase in ship calls and 57% rise in container traffic.
Waterfronts, fishing, logistics and culture to revitalise the ports in the Indian Ocean
Plenary Session 3 : Durban, a competitive port and a dynamic city in the Indian Ocean
The African ports looking out over the Indian Ocean were at the centre of the final afternoon session on 4 November.
Ports with many fishermen that have been affected by piracy on the one hand and scarce resources on the other. Teresa Athayde proposed revitalising this sector, showcasing Port Elizabeth as the best practice, with the port planning a local market for 2030 that ranges from the fishing itself to the final processing.
Antoine Van Iseghem introduced various waterfront projects, involving some ten ports for a total of eighteen. Nine of these are centred on port upgrades, three are based on the waste industry and one around the redevelopment of an abandoned port.
The top port in South Africa is Durban. Pumi Motosoahae and Paul Sessions spoke of the extended metropolitan area that is overseen by the Municipality of eThekwini, with its direct links to Johannesburg. The main challenge along this arterial stretching for 600 kilometres is congestion. There are at least four accidents involving heavy-duty vehicles every day, causing back-ups of up to five kilometres. By 2030, the eThekwini Transport Authority intends relocating heavy-duty traffic, by creating a dedicated logistics area that starts in the port of Durban, connects with the heart of the metropolitan road arterial and ends in Johannesburg.
Lastly, Sanabelle Ebrahim and Mikhail Peppas presented an artistic project to redevelop the Bay in Durban, also referred to as the Green Heart City. This would revolve around a brand, the Bunny Cat mascot, ecology (re-utilising electricity) and culture (music and photography).
Smart Port City between folding containers and killer apps
Plenary Session 2 : Tools and good practices to built the Smart Port City
The Smart Port City is folding containers, teaching apps, cloud, recycling and the sustainable development of passenger terminals. These were the themes presented and discussed during today’s afternoon session, which saw seven representatives from seven port cities extending over Europe, China and South Africa.
The port of Ningbo (China), one of the top ten ports in the world, has plans for diversified development that connects up e-government and e-commerce. Tallinn (Estonia) intends upgrading its ferry and cruise ship terminal to accommodate more than nine million passengers a year. Helsinki (Finland) has seen strong expansion towards the East, and has town planning solutions for the new passenger terminal that will reorganise the flow of pedestrians, and reduce the use of cars. The port system in South Africa draws its inspiration from the taxis in Tokyo and the port of Hamburg, so as to get port operators to dialogue through a single digital interface. Antwerp (Belgium) presented their innovative Port of Antwerp app, aimed at encouraging people to get to know their enormous port, using a multiple-choice quiz. Rotterdam introduced 4FOLD, the first folding container that should overcome the phenomenon of “transporting air”, in other words, transporting empty containers, with this being the case for 60% of those moving around the planet. Finally the river system of Ghent-Brussels presented the complex recycling system for material flows, which meets the urban needs of the port city, by combining eco-sustainability and port logistics.
Smart Port City, the “human” connection between the city and port
Plenary Session 1 : Building a Smart Port City for today and tomorrow
Urban intelligence and the internet of everything constitute a smart port city. These were the opening themes introduced at the 14th AIVP World Conference Cities and Ports. Following on from the welcoming speeches from the AIVP President Jean Pierre Lecomte, the Mayor of Durban James Nxumalo and Tau Morwe, the CEO of the Transnet National Ports Authority and his colleague Lindokuhle Mkhize, head of Planning and Development, it was the turn of the two keynote speakers for the morning to address the conference.
The first was Carlos Moreno, Scientific Advisor of the President of Cofely Ineo from the GDF SUEZ Group, who highlighted the human, rather than the economic aspect of a smart port city, which he explained was "a public space where people live, and the port is the bridge for this space”. On average 10 million people live in mega-cities, which often accommodate mega-ports. “Tokyo will have 37 million inhabitants in 2050, and urban life is vulnerable in this context. The smart city creates a liveable city, before it becomes wealthy in economic terms”.
How does one link up the needs of this urban-port society with modern technology ? With the internet of everything, according to Markus Wissmann, the Head of Smart + Connected Communities Europe, Middle East, Africa and Russia Cisco Systems. “Big data will double every two years ; in 2030 demand for electricity will have grown by 30%, with over 8 billion appliances connected. We are not referring to mobile phones, but rather fridges, waste, etc. This is why there needs to be a single infrastructure that interconnects hospitals, institutions and naturally, ports". Smart cities and smart ports connected by an urban space where one can live.
14th AIVP Conference on your Smartphone
The programme, practical information, news…. Follow the AIVP World Conference on your smartphone on www.citiesandports2014.com. Share daily highlights of the main work sessions organised in Durban and help us build the Smart Port City of tomorrow.
For greater convenience, don’t hesitate to install the icon on your home screen.
You can also follow the event at Facebook.aivp.org and on Twitter Twitter #DurbanAIVP
Discover in detail our programme for the Conference on Smart Port Cities.
Speakers’ CVs and abstracts of the various presentations are now available on line. You can find out more about them on the dedicated Conference website. Over 50 speakers from diverse backgrounds will present, share and debate about the port cities of today and of the future. How can we strive to improve the quality of life of our citizens whilst guaranteeing increased competitiveness for our city-port zones ? How can we face up to the challenges of globalisation and competitiveness whilst implementing sustainable and responsible growth ? How can we push for smart, shared solutions that respond to our specific needs : those of the port city ? Our speakers will share their experiences and fuel the debate that has continued to breathe life into AIVP for more than 25 years.
Discover the programme for the City-Port Post-Conference in Cape Town
Around sixty delegates have confirmed their participation in the Post-Conference in Cape Town. This follows on from the AIVP World Conference in Durban where delegations from over fifty countries are expected to attend. The Post-Conference includes tailor-made visits to the city and port of Cape Town, known for its Working Waterfront. One of the most visited sites in South Africa, the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, welcomes around 23 million tourists per year. Delegates can also discover new projects such as the Watershed, an old warehouse transformed into a HEQ building, and the transformation of a silo – all part of the area’s renovation. The day, organised in partnership with the City and the Port Authority of Cape Town, promises to be rich in opportunities to share experiences and socialize with other delegates.
Detailed programme and speakers
The organisation of all the Conference sessions of the 14th AIVP World Conference has now been defined. A detailed, session-by-session programme is available on the conference web site, with the contact details of all the international speakers. From New York to Valparaiso, from Vancouver to Bahia Blanca, from Rotterdam to Genoa, from Hong Kong to Melbourne, from Libreville to Maputo, port cities of every continent will be represented at this key conference. We look forward to seeing you in Durban and Cape Town between the 3rd and 8th of November. Registration is already open.
Durban 2104 : Call for papers deadline extended to April 15th
Our international call for papers should conclude today. However, to answer to numerous requests, we will receive your suggestions until April 15th. Thank you for sending us, as soon as possible, the inscription forms available in the conference’s website or by e-mail if you want to submit an intervention project for this worldwide event. Don’t wait any longer, places are limited !
A dedicated website, why ?
Available in French, English and Spanish, this website is a privileged information source for the content and the preparation of the debates to come during our forthcoming 14th AIVP World Conference, as well as its technical and logistical organization. Month after month, this website will be updated and fleshed out with new sections: program, speaker’s presentation, working sessions’ schedule, technical visits, social and cultural events, registration procedure, accommodation… All the information you will need to prepare your participation in this important event will be at your disposal and updated on a daily basis.
At the present time, the AIVP will be really pleased to count you amongst its main contributors to the work that represents this World Conference. You are undertaking new strategies and are developing innovatory projects? We invite you to make them known to a public of decision makers attentive to your problems and your solutions. To do this, please return your proposal of paper to us at the latest before the 10th April 2014.
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