European Institute for Energy Research
The European Institute for Energy Research is a joint French-German research institute located in Karlsruhe, Germany, founded in September 2001 by Electricite de France (EDF) and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
With more than 110 employees from 14 different nationalities, EIFER develops a multidisciplinary know-how around the topics of "Sustainable Cities" and "Distributed Energy", together with high level scientific and industrial partners, as well contributing to several national and European public funded projects.
Dipl.-Sociologist Martina Leucht graduated 2003 at Berlin Free University. Since 2007 she works as a researcher at EIFER focussing on research questions on the edge of energy technologies and society. Main topics in her projects have been social acceptance, stakeholder relations and communication processes in the context of technological innovations of local energy systems and "smart city" developments.
Exploration of "Living Lab" potentials to stimulate innovation processes in "Smart Port Cities"
Facing economic, societal and environmental challenges of present urban and port dynamics, port cities need to become innovators in creating new interfaces between people, infrastructures and scarce resources in order to reach a greater organizational efficiency, to enhance sharing procedures and to optimize flows particularly of values, energy and information.
he increasing use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and media on the city level and on the level of port activities allows an approximation of the concepts of Smart Ports and Smart Cities with their socio-technical implementations into a common approach of Smart Port Cities. Drawing on the innovation potentials of citizens in the context of Smart Cities, the so-called Living Lab approach shows a remarkable diffusion, particularly in European cities.
A living lab is a user-centered open innovation ecosystem integrating concurrent research and innovation processes within a business-citizens-government partnership (Marc Pallot). In which ways could "Living Lab" innovation hubs support port authorities and municipal administrations in developing innovative economic, social and technical solutions to improve the quality of port functions and city life and therefore increase the acceptance of involved stakeholders for the changes of interconnected urban processes and port operations? The paper aims at evaluating existing "Living Lab" fields of action and strategies regarding their potentials to be integrated into a Smart Port City concept. The focus will be laid on energy related issues of port operations (e. g. electricity generation, use, storage and supply, ship-to-grid concepts, alternative clean fuels) of exemplary "engine" and "lagging" European sea ports.